In the February issue of Argosy , Vincent Gaddis' article "The Deadly Bermuda Triangle" argued that Flight 19 and other disappearances were part of a pattern of strange events in the region. McGovern, Terrance; Harris, Edward
“This means ‘see you sometime’”
In glorious sunshine, some soldiers from Germany, Europe and many partner nations, as well as civilian staff of the BwCSC, gathered at the Clausewitz barracks on 9 May to say farewell to Rear Admiral Carsten Stawitzki. The preceding months had been eventful and characterized by incredible commitment, with a multitude of initiatives being brought on their way.
About military and civilian guests from the business sector, politics, science and the society were present during the change of command ceremony. This is the first change of command since the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College has been directly reporting to the Chief of Defense. In over 60 years of Bundeswehr history and in over 25 years of the existence of the "Army of Unity", the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College has evolved into an integral and indispensable part of the German Armed Forces—a fact for which Admiral Rühle thanked both the military and civilian staff of several generations.
Then, the Admiral addressed the outgoing commandant, Rear Admiral Stawitzki. He spoke of the "long list of tasks" he has had to accomplish and mentioned the reorganization of the Field Officer Basic Course, the new concept of the General Staff Officer Course and the integration of more leadership personnel into the training activities.
For instance, more than 70 top Bundeswehr leaders held briefings at the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College in alone. The list of tasks and achievements can be extended even further: This provides the foundation needed to give the BwCSC its new orientation as a think tank. With its new function as a think tank, the BwCSC will help to improve the Bundeswehr's strategic capability as a whole.
This deserves great appreciation. Moreover, it has not only earned you the respect of your companions and superiors but even the esteem, willing allegiance and affection of your staff—in my opinion the greatest reward a military leader and superior can receive.
You are the most precious asset we have. You are the future of the Bundeswehr. The Admiral welcomed the new Commandant: The good results that have been achieved in the process of further developing the college's instruction activities and with regard to the teaching obligations must also be consolidated.
With the change of command ceremony, there is now an army officer commanding Germany's highest military training institution. Brigadier General Kohl, whose last assignment was Commander Armored Infantry Brigade 41 in Neubrandenburg, is looking forward to the tasks that lie ahead of him.
The foundation is personal integrity, profound expertise and broad education! Being the alma mater of all field-grade officers, the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College lays the foundation for the profound and modern training, advanced and follow-on training of German field-grade officers in the context of lifelong learning. Particularly in the field of instruction but also in the field of planning, the staff of the BwCSC does an excellent job.
In the end, all services and organizational elements of the Bundeswehr will benefit from this work and it proves that both national and international cooperation are the prerequisites for successful action. Markus Levy; photos by: Johannes Kahrs elaborating on the parliamentary perspective on the field of armaments policy.
Rear Admiral Carsten Stawitzki welcoming the guest speakers. Most members of Parliament can draw on years of experience in the political circles in Berlin, and many are active as volunteers in foundations and associations in the civil society.
They believe that gaining first-hand impressions of matters on site is both the basis for developing a determined political posture and the reality-based starting point of any form of political action. As a result, it was the politicians' personal experiences that gave weight to their presentations and resulted in fascinating discussions. As a renowned expert on both European policy and Poland, Dietmar Nietan focused on the current challenges arising from the national conservative political approach of the present Polish government.
Nietan, who is also chairman of the board of management of the Deutsch-Polnische Gesellschaft Bundesverband e. Federal Association of German-Polish Societies , began his presentation by elaborating on the historical and geostrategic context that is essential to understand in order to comprehend the identity and international political actions of modern Poland.
Nietan, Poland's view of the United States as their main ally and sole guarantor of security ahead of their European partners as well as the country's tangible skepticism regarding any advancement of European integration can be traced back to the aforementioned context.
This, he argued, is the reason for "the great significance of the idea of sovereignty as a key element in the political agenda of the Law and Justice Party—an element, which is increasingly being emphasized in domestic politics, too. The developments in Poland should be accompanied by "smart" politics on different working levels "in order to be able to constructively shape the relationship between Germany and its great neighbor to the east even under changed framework conditions.
On the next day, the German MP Mr. Roderich Kiesewetter, a retired Colonel GS and winner of the General Heusinger Prize, evaluated the difficult framework conditions of German foreign and security policy both at present and in the future.
He provided deep insight into the complex mechanisms of consensus building between the ruling coalition parties in parliament. Kiesewetter also pointed out that these increasingly complex parameters have a profound impact on parliamentary involvement in German foreign relations. In this context, he focused on Germany's role as a reliable partner in the vital alliances it is a member of.
From his point of view, the coalition agreement sets the right priorities and reflects the learning process that has been going on in Germany's political landscape.
Nonetheless, struggling to agree on sustainable, moderately increasing funding for the German armed forces or on a targeted security debate is not the only current political challenge: Germany must consistently strengthen its ability to honor alliance obligations and confidently distinguish itself as a reliable partner, Mr. This was one of many aspects taken up by the students in the lively debate that followed.
When asked what "homework" Germany's politicians will be dealing with next, Mr. Kiesewetter pointed out that the widely communicated comprehensive approach in matters of security policy should already be a part of parliamentary work.
Solutions should be sought by means of cross-departmental cooperation, for example within the framework of an ongoing broad strategy debate. Click here to get to the 2nd part of the article.
A very interested audience in the completely filled Gneisenau Hall. Professor Michael Staack talking about the interdependencies between the four dimensions of the North Korea Crisis.
With these words, the Deputy Commandant welcomed the audience filling the auditorium of the Manfed Wörner Center to the limit.
The welcome address was followed by a presentation by Professor Michael Staack, who clearly outlined Germany's role in this play of different interests not only between the world's major powers, i. Moreover, he pointed out that Germany has first-hand experience with the division of its territory into two separate states and has thus quite something to contribute. In the subsequent panel discussion, the audience saw a lively and interesting debate among the experts and was also given the opportunity to ask questions.
As an expert of cooperative security and former member of Germany's advisory group to South Korea on the foreign policy considerations of the reunification of Korea, Staack explained the interdependencies between the four dimensions of the North Korea Crisis.
He first outlined the threat North Korea's nuclear weapon potential poses to the international order, then described the not only rhetorical confrontation lines between North Korea and the United States, the hegemonic conflict between the United States and China and, last but not least, provided background information on the conflict between the two separated Koran states. Thanks to his ambitious nuclear program, Kim Jong Un managed to ensure the survival of his regime and prevented his country from being attacked.
Even though both countries on the Korean Peninsula have laid down their goal of re-unification in their respective constitutions, Kim Jong Un's only interest has been to retain his power. He would agree to a reunification only under terms dictated by his regime, which would mean for South Korea to turn its back on the United States and its influence.
It is obvious that this is not a viable option for South Korea. It is, however, doubtful whether the South Korean population is interested in a reunification of both Korean states. The majority of the younger generation of South Koreans rejects a reunification as they do not have any family ties to North Korea and do not want to pay for the reconstruction of a bankrupt system. If communication with North Korea should be discontinued and if the sanctions were to be maintained, then North Korea could become a potential provider of nuclear technology.
Other countries could follow its example and try to use their nuclear deterrence potential to assert political demands. In order to prevent such a scenario, Staack suggests that Germany offer its help as a diplomatic intermediary in the North Korea Crisis. Germany does not only have partnership programs and close contacts with both North and South Korea and shares with them the common experience of the separation of a country but also knows from its own historical experience that for a separated country, armed conflict is not a solution at all.
Holding a degree in political sciences, he already followed the development of North Korea with great interest during his studies, and for about ten years, he has been observing the country "being held hostage by the Kim family" very intensively.
According to Zechmeister, North Korea has a functioning and operational arsenal of biological and chemical weapons which could be employed with the delivery systems the country possesses. However, it is not known whether North Korea has the capability to produce adequate engines for its long-range missile that might also reach America.
Whether North Korea will manage to obtain such engines via other channels remains to be seen. Click here to get to the second part of the article. Matthias Rogg talking to Colonel ret. High-ranking guests from the academic world, the business sector and society following the fascinating exchange of ideas.
Admiral Stawitzki encouraged his audience to face history in order to adjust their own compass—not just on this occasion, but on every day.
In the lecture hall of the Manfred Wörner Center, which was filled to the last seat, the Commandant called upon everyone in the audience to show decency, courage and strength of character, to share thoughts about fundamental values and to determine their own personal position. With these comments, Admiral Stawitzki started the panel discussion chaired by Mr. Professor Michel Friedman joined the discussion as a special guest.
People doing terrible things to others is not the first step towards murder; it starts even before that—when people turn a blind eye on what is happening around them. Turning a blind eye, refusing to listen, keeping silent—that is the wrong way. We must talk openly and honestly about what has happened in the past and about what is happening right now", Friedman stated. In his contributions, Friedman focused on the question of what general signs, what kind of human behavior or political circumstances could lead to such extreme culminations of violence.
In this context, he referred to racism and homophobia, saying: When will this lead to real arson? Matthias Rogg, elaborated on the role of the armed forces in terms of dealing with remembrance. To this end, a delegation of thirty Polish, French and German officers recently travelled to the former concentration camp in Auschwitz in order to develop a better understanding of the background circumstances, to engage in discussions and to be able to put what they have learned into context.
For further information, see the report in "Bundeswehr aktuell" of 22 January in German. In his opinion, all of us have the obligation to act in order to safeguard the greatest good of our democracy—the inviolability of human dignity. History will always repeat itself unless we remember it.
Friedman ended most of his statements with questions. These questions will remain with the participants of the event, and all of them will have to find their own answers.
Because each and every one of us has the obligation to reflect and to analyze things in order to understand, to grasp knowledge and also to figure out how to improve our understanding in order to act in a better way in the future. To enable this discussion to continue, the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College has established a number of special formats of commemorative events to keep history alive—and to demonstrate how it concerns all of us in the here and now.
Soldiers from altogether different nations have studied at the college in the past 60 years. Currently, students of about 50 different nationalities are attending courses at the college day by day.
Many of them have come to Hamburg with their families. They have not only come to a city they are unfamiliar with but also to a new country and in many cases to a new continent, too. In order to make it easier for them to arrive in their new environment and to facilitate the exchange of information that is vital particularly to newly arrived families in the Hanseatic city, three women have decided to support the process of getting to know each other.
Finally, they are all faced with a new language, a new housing situation, new schools for the kids and an entirely new environment," says Frauke Lüchow, who is the partner of Major Hille. The reaction to their invitation was overwhelming: Even some "older" families participated in the event and shared their experiences with those that had newly arrived. The evening started with a tour of the BwCSC.
As there are many events taking place on the premises of the BwCSC, it is important to know the names and locations of the most important buildings as for instance the Henning von Tresckow Building, the Admiral von Wellershof Building or the Manfred Wörner Center. In the mess association, Frauke Lüchow then officially welcomed the families and told them about her own experiences. Since earlier this year, she has been in charge of organizing the mothers and toddlers cafe at the Graf von Baudissin Barracks.
Many nodded their heads showing that they had gained similar experiences. The guests gladly received brochures containing information about the MWR Office, about nearby playing-grounds, sights, doctors and many more aspects in Hamburg.
At dinner, the first phone numbers were exchanged. Kurt Tucholsky once said: All guests were glad they had come and they all seized the opportunity to get into contact with each other and pave the way for new bonds of friendship. Not only for the guests but also for the organizers, this first Welcome Night was very informative.
The event was a great success and everyone is looking forward to more to come: And indeed, the organizers are already planning to gather the families on an afternoon in the Advent season and also to go on excursions together. Admiral Stawitzki during his commemorative address on the occasion of the National Day of Mourning. First row, second from left: Liane Melzer, Director of the Altona District; third from left: Representatives of different nations participated in the National Day of Mourning commemoration event.
The French Consul General Toulouse addressing the participants. Honorary Consul Nicholas Teller during the wreath-laying ceremony. This year, the commemorative ceremony on the occasion of the National Day of Mourning at the cemetery in Hamburg-Blankenese took place in a special setting: Representatives of the United States, Britain, France and Italy stood side by side with Germans to commemorate the dead.
The idea to invite approximately guests from different nations to commemorate the war dead is so far unique. He reminded the audience of the atrocities of the wars. After the Lord's Prayer had been recited by all present—everyone praying in their native language—, he concluded that, on this day, they all bowed their heads as both perpetrators and victims, no matter which country they came from.
Then the guests gathered around the cemetery's memorial stone. Framed by an honor formation consisting of French officers studying at the Helmut Schmidt University Bundeswehr University, Hamburg , Admiral Stawitzki then welcomed the numerous guests.
He emphasized that people from nations whose soldiers once went out to fight each other were now standing shoulder to shoulder: Admiral Stawitzki reminded his audience of the truly marvelous fact that Europe is experiencing the longest ever period of peace since World War II.
The Band of the British Royal Armoured Corps had come all the way from Great Britain to provide a worthy musical background for the event. As the band played the lament "Lied vom guten Kameraden" The Good Comrade , a solemn atmosphere resonated among the guests that was expressed by the subsequent words of commemoration. An important message of this event was that on the National Day of Mourning we commemorate not only the soldiers fallen in World Wars I and II, but also the service members who were killed in action in the course of more than 60 years of Bundeswehr history, and the victims of terror and violence.
In a moving speech, he expressed his gratitude from the bottom of his heart—gratitude for the fact that for the first time, representatives of the former wartime enemies had come together for a commemorative ceremony. Consul General Toulouse stated that with sound patriotism and common sense, the past not only obliges us to commemorate but, first and foremost, to shape the future.
And this holds true for all peoples and all nations. Towards the end of the ceremony, the guests of honor laid wreaths to the memorial stone: For Germany, Admiral Stawitzki laid down a wreath. Consul General Toulouse was the last to place a wreath. The ceremony then concluded with the French lament "Aux Morts", a minute of silence and finally the hopeful European anthem.
After the ceremony, the guests returned to the BwCSC where they enjoyed a hearty pea soup and seized the opportunity to discuss the event. All agreed that it was the international framework that gave a special dignity to the entire ceremony. Liane Melzer, Director of the Altona District, addressed the guests in her capacity as a civil servant. She asked the question whether the National Day of Mourning still carried any significance as it seemed to be "far away from our day-to-day life".
Her answer was a definite Yes, based on the need for international reconciliation. In view of recent conflicts within Europe, the objective of reconciliation will never lose its relevance. Publications by the USGS describe large stores of undersea hydrates worldwide, including the Blake Ridge area, off the coast of the southeastern United States.
Ellen Austin supposedly came across a derelict ship, placed on board a prize crew , and attempted to sail with it to New York in According to the stories, the derelict disappeared; others elaborating further that the derelict reappeared minus the prize crew, then disappeared again with a second prize crew on board. A check from Lloyd's of London records proved the existence of Meta , built in , and that in , Meta was renamed Ellen Austin. There are no casualty listings for this vessel, or any vessel at that time, that would suggest a large number of missing men were placed on board a derelict that later disappeared.
The incident resulting in the single largest loss of life in the history of the US Navy not related to combat occurred when the collier Cyclops , carrying a full load of manganese ore and with one engine out of action, went missing without a trace with a crew of sometime after March 4, , after departing the island of Barbados.
Although there is no strong evidence for any single theory, many independent theories exist, some blaming storms, some capsizing, and some suggesting that wartime enemy activity was to blame for the loss. Both ships were transporting heavy loads of metallic ore similar to that which was loaded on Cyclops during her fatal voyage. In all three cases structural failure due to overloading with a much denser cargo than designed is considered the most likely cause of sinking.
A five-masted schooner built in , Carroll A. Rumors and more at the time indicated Deering was a victim of piracy, possibly connected with the illegal rum-running trade during Prohibition , and possibly involving another ship, Hewitt , which disappeared at roughly the same time.
Just hours later, an unknown steamer sailed near the lightship along the track of Deering , and ignored all signals from the lightship. It is speculated that Hewitt may have been this mystery ship, and possibly involved in Deering ' s crew disappearance. Flight 19 was a training flight of five TBM Avenger torpedo bombers that disappeared on December 5, , while over the Atlantic.
The flight never returned to base. The disappearance is attributed by Navy investigators to navigational error leading to the aircraft running out of fuel. One of the search and rescue aircraft deployed to look for them, a PBM Mariner with a man crew, also disappeared. A tanker off the coast of Florida reported seeing an explosion  and observing a widespread oil slick when fruitlessly searching for survivors.
The weather was becoming stormy by the end of the incident. No trace of the aircraft, or the 32 people on board, was ever found. A Civil Aeronautics Board investigation found there was insufficient information available on which to determine probable cause of the disappearance. A pleasure yacht was found adrift in the Atlantic south of Bermuda on September 26, ; it is usually stated in the stories Berlitz, Winer   that the crew vanished while the yacht survived being at sea during three hurricanes.
The Atlantic hurricane season shows Hurricane Ione passing nearby between 14 and 18 September, with Bermuda being affected by winds of almost gale force. Because of the approaching hurricane, the owner strengthened the mooring ropes and put out two additional anchors. There was little else he could do, as the exposed mooring was the only available anchorage.
In Carlisle Bay, the sea in the wake of Hurricane Janet was awe-inspiring and dangerous. The owner of Connemara IV observed that she had disappeared. An investigation revealed that she had dragged her moorings and gone to sea.
However, Kusche's research showed that the unclassified version of the Air Force investigation report stated that the debris field defining the second "crash site" was examined by a search and rescue ship, and found to be a mass of seaweed and driftwood tangled in an old buoy. Bibliography The incidents cited above, apart from the official documentation, come from the following works. Some incidents mentioned as having taken place within the Triangle are found only in these sources:. To access this website, registration is required, usually through a library connected to a college or university.
The following websites have either online material that supports the popular version of the Bermuda Triangle, or documents published from official sources as part of hearings or inquiries, such as those conducted by the United States Navy or United States Coast Guard. Copies of some inquiries are not online and may have to be ordered; for example, the losses of Flight 19 or USS Cyclops can be ordered direct from the United States Naval Historical Center.
Most of the works listed here are largely out of print. Copies may be obtained at your local library, or purchased used at bookstores, or through eBay or Amazon. These books are often the only source material for some of the incidents that have taken place within the Triangle. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bermuda Triangle disambiguation.
For other uses, see Devil's Triangle disambiguation. United Kingdom United States World. Death and culture Parapsychology Scientific literacy. List of Bermuda Triangle incidents. US Department of Defense. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 1 October Jones September 16, Retrieved 24 October Cited in James R.
Lewis editor , Satanism Today: Retrieved 7 June The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original on 23 October Archived from the original on April 6, Journal of Teacher Education. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 26 May The Shipwrecks of Key Largo 1st ed.
Department of Energy, DOE". It's a load of gas". Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 26 June Graveyard of the Atlantic. Archived from the original on 22 July Archived from the original on 23 July B Bomber Pogo 22 "U. Website links The following websites have either online material that supports the popular version of the Bermuda Triangle, or documents published from official sources as part of hearings or inquiries, such as those conducted by the United States Navy or United States Coast Guard.
Archived from the original on 3 June Books Most of the works listed here are largely out of print. Into the Bermuda Triangle: The Bermuda Triangle Mystery Solved This book is a work of fiction. Index of ufology articles. List of reported UFO sightings Sightings in outer space.